Physical Therapy

Physical therapy involves the evaluation of the patient, the establishment of a physical therapy diagnosis, and the application of specific interventions to treat the condition. At the Physical Therapy Department of Arthritis, Autoimmune & Allergy, a professional multidisciplinary approach permeates better result oriented rehabilitation protocols. A combination of physical therapy, manual therapy, myofascial release techniques, massage therapy, acupuncture, steroid injections, trigger point injections, and a broad spectrum of analgesic modalities are available to treat and prevent pain arising from arthritis, musculoskeletal and neurological conditions.

Conditions treated are severe and chronic pain, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, polymyalgia rheumatica, ankylosing spondylitis, low back pain, neck pain, sciatica, herniated disc, fibromyalgia, headaches, tendonitis, bursitis, sprains and strains, paralysis, hemiparesis, carpal tunnel syndrome, RSD, sport injuries and many more.

Physical Therapy Techniques

Manual therapy (hands-on) techniques are often necessary to treat restricted range of motion of soft tissues and joints in involved extremities, neck, and trunk. These techniques are applied to stimulate changes in the soft tissues, articular structures, neural and vascular systems.

Therapeutic exercise is considered when the patient has weakness, contracture, stiffness secondary to spasm, spasticity, decreased range of motion, gait problem, balance and/or coordination deficits, abnormal posture, muscle imbalance, or the patient needs to improve mobility or endurance as part of activities of daily living training, or re-education.

Modalities such as heat, infrared, ultrasound and electrical stimulation are administered for their analgesic effect to relieve muscle spasm and reduce inflammation edema. This aids with treatment for acute synovitis, hypertrophic scarring, degenerative joint disease, osteoarthritis, post-surgical repairs, status post sprains, and contractures caused by rheumatoid arthritis or scleroderma; it also helps with strength increase, muscle denervation, muscle re-education and atrophy.

Education as a Prophylactic Measure

Treatment includes various forms of manual therapy in conjunction with the integration of educational procedures. This integration is vital to achieve patient self-management. Education involves both cognitive and behavioral aspects and can range from teaching proper posture, positioning, modifying activities of daily living, improving rest and work positions (ergonomics) to offering stress management strategies. Education efforts are aimed at the prevention of pain and injury by identifying the cause of the problem.